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Wednesday, May 29, 2013

Factors Predicting Hostility in Outpatients With Schizophrenia: 36-Month Results From the SOHO Study

This analysis explored the prevalence, incidence, and predictors of hostility in the European Schizophrenia Outpatient Health Outcomes (EU-SOHO) study.

Data were collected at baseline and up to 36 months on the presence of hostility, clinical course and severity, medication compliance, side effects, substance/alcohol abuse, and being a crime survivor. Regression models were fitted to test the association between predictors and the presence of hostility.

Hostility prevalence in the 6 months before baseline was 27.9%, and the incidence at 3 years was 14.0%. Variables related to hostility during follow-up were age, male sex, alcohol/substance abuse, tardive dyskinesia, extrapyramidal symptoms, cognitive impairment, noncompliance, and hospitalization. Being a crime survivor, being married, not living independently, and not being in paid employment were associated with hostility at baseline. Clinical and social variables are related to hostility in schizophrenia.

Extrapyramidal symptoms and tardive dyskinesia, alcohol/substance abuse, cognitive impairment, medication noncompliance, and hospitalizations are predictors of future hostility.

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