An international website dedicated to providing current information on news, reports, publications,and peer-reviewed research articles concerning alcoholism and alcohol-related problems throughout the world. Postings are provided by international contributors who monitor news, publications and research findings in their country, geographical region or program area of interest. All postings are entered without editorial or contributor opinion or comment.
For full versions of posted research articles readers are encouraged to email requests for "electronic reprints" (text file, PDF files, FAX copies) to the corresponding or lead author, who is highlighted in the posting.
Saturday, October 17, 2009
October 16, 2009
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2008 Data from CSAT Now Available
. . . . . . .
The Guardian, Saturday 17 October 2009
Isabel Ashdown's father was an alcoholic – it killed him when he was only 50. To the outside world, he was charming and charismatic but at home, his unpredictable rages meant the family lived in a continual state of tension . . . . . .
Friday, October 16, 2009
The Guardian, Friday 16 October 2009
Published in final edited form as:
Am Psychol. 2009 September; 64(6): 527–537.
Thursday, October 15, 2009
Mark Willenbring, M.D., Director, Division of Treatment and Recovery Research
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH
December 12, 2007
View Archived Presentation and Slide Show https://webmeeting.nih.gov/p27471408/
Runtime: 103 minutes
(Please note: Audio and slide presentation begins at the 45 second mark)
01 Alcoholism Isn’t What It Used To Be
03 Alcohol "Flush" Signals Increased Cancer Risk Among East Asians
NEWS FROM THE FIELD
04 Estimating Blood Alcohol Levels in Children
07 "Happyhour" Gene Hints at New Alcohol Treatment
08 Young, Tech-Savvy, and Drinking Too Much
PHOTO ESSAY How Can a See-Through Fish Help Advance Alcohol Research?
5 QUESTIONS WITH... Dr. Bridget Grant
Wednesday, October 14, 2009
Since the 1990s "Back to Sleep" campaign reduced SIDS deaths by 50 percent, a laundry list of new advisories for parents such as removing pillows or blankets has halved the rate of SIDS once again.
Many of the SIDS infants had coslept in a hazardous environment. The major influences on risk, regardless of markers for socioeconomic deprivation, are amenable to change and specific advice needs to be given, particularly on use of alcohol or drugs before cosleeping and cosleeping on a sofa.
Their analysis found dual diagnosis patients had significantly higher core' psychiatric service costs (a difference of £1,362) and non-accommodation service costs (£1,360) than patients without a dual diagnosis.
Source: Cochrane Library
Date published: 13/10/2009
by: Sheetal Ladva
Excessive alcohol use during pregnancy has been associated with adverse maternal and neonatal effects. It is therefore important to develop and evaluate effective interventions during this important time in a woman's life. To our knowledge there have been no systematic reviews of randomised control trials (RCT) in this population.
To evaluate the effectiveness of pharmacologic interventions in pregnant women enrolled in alcohol treatment programs for improving birth and neonatal outcomes, maternal abstinence and treatment retention.
We searched the Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group's Trial register (August 2008) ; MEDLINE (1.1950 to 6.2008) ; EMBASE (1.1974 - 8.2008); CINAHL (1.1982-6.2008); PsycInfo (1.1806-6.2008), and reference lists of articles.
We sought to include randomised or quasi-randomised studies comparing any pharmacologic intervention versus other pharmacologic treatment alone or in association with psychosocial treatment, placebo, non-intervention or psychosocial intervention.
Data collection and analysis
Two review authors independently assessed trials for inclusion in the review. Included studies were to be assessed using standardized data extraction and quality assessment forms. No suitable trials were identified.
The search strategy identified 793 citations. Twenty-three citations were deemed relevant for full text review; an additional ten articles were retrieved through hand searching references, for a total of thirty-three articles. Following full text review no articles met the inclusion criteria. Data extraction and assessment of methodological quality were therefore not possible.
The review question remains unanswered as there were no randomised control trials found relevant to the topic. There is a need for high quality research to determine the effectiveness of pharmacologic interventions in pregnant women enrolled in alcohol treatment program.
Key Results of the 2007/08 New Zealand Alcohol and Drug Use Survey
Summary of publication
Key findings from the report include:
The prevalence of risky drinking is high among New Zealanders. Six in ten people who drank alcohol in the past year had consumed enough alcohol to feel drunk at least once in the past year, while one in ten had done so on a weekly basis.
Alcohol-related harm continues to be a social and health issue in New Zealand. Some of the most common harmful effects experienced by people in the past year due to their own alcohol use were harmful effects on their friendships or social life (7%), having had days off work or school (6%) and injuring themselves (5%).
Youth, Maori men and women, Pacific men, and people living in more deprived neighbourhoods were more likely to drink higher amounts than recommended, to engage in risky drinking behaviours, and to experience more harm due to alcohol use
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Published in final edited form as:
Addiction. 2008 September; 103(9): 1414–1428.
Tuesday, October 13, 2009
guardian.co.uk, Tuesday 13 October 2009
Draft proposals put out for consultation by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (Nice) today put it on a political collision course with the Department of Health.
The recommendation, hidden away on page 16 of a 78-page advisory document on public health, will stir up public controversy over the issue, adding to the growing list of doctors and politicians in favour of price controls. . . . . . .
All registered stakeholders for the above public health programme guidance are invited to comment on the draft guidance.
Monday, October 12, 2009
Assessment of Alcohol Problems: An Overview [PDF] John P. Allen
Self–Report Screening for Alcohol Problems Among Adults [PDF] Gerard J. Connors and Robert J. Volk
Assessment of Drinking Behavior
Assessment To Aid in the Treatment Planning Process [PDF] Dennis M. Donovan
Treatment and Process Assessment
Assessing Treatment and Treatment Processes [PDF] John W. Finney
Applied Issues in Treatment Outcome Assessment [PDF] J. Scott Tonigan
Instrument Fact Sheets [PDF