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Monday, July 2, 2012

An Evaluation of the BASICS Alcohol Risk Reduction Model Among Predominantly Hispanic College Students

Although Hispanic college students consume alcohol in equal proportion to other ethnic groups, studies have not examined whether established alcohol-risk-reduction approaches are effective in this population.

Accordingly, this study examined effectiveness of the Brief Alcohol Screening and Intervention for College Students (BASICS) risk-reduction model for reducing alcohol consumption and related problems in two samples of predominantly Hispanic college students (
N = 206 and 405).

The study also examined whether factors such as gender, baseline risk level, and readiness to change moderated program impact.

Students first participated in an in-depth assessment of drinking patterns followed by relatively brief intervention including psychoeducation and personalized normative feedback. Behavioral outcomes were assessed six months after the intervention and included alcohol-risk scores, alcohol consumption-related problems, consumption, drinking and driving frequency, and stage of change.

Supporting the effectiveness of BASICS, both samples showed significant improvement across all these outcomes. Moderator analyses suggested greater program impact among heavier drinkers and among high in change contemplation at assessment.

Overall, the results strongly support use of the BASICS intervention model among Hispanic students. The study's limitations are noted.

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