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Monday, February 27, 2012

Association of Alcohol Consumption with Lipid Profile in Hypertensive Men

Alcohol consumption is known to be closely related with alterations in blood lipid levels as well as in blood pressure. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between alcohol consumption and blood lipid levels in hypertensive men.

A cross-sectional study involving participants (n = 2014) aged 20–69 years from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1998–2009. Demographic characteristics, dietary intake and medical history were obtained from the participants by questionnaire, and lipid levels were determined by analysis of blood samples.

After adjusting for demographic and dietary factors, alcohol consumption was negatively associated with risk of low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C; odds ratio (OR): 0.29, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.22–0.40 in heavy (≥30 g/day) drinkers; P for trend <0.001], whereas the risk of high triglycerides increased with increasing alcohol consumption (OR: 2.04, 95% CI: 1.53–2.72 in heavy drinkers; P for trend <0.001). However, the OR of high non-HDL-C and the ratio of high triglycerides to HDL-C did not change significantly with an increase in alcohol consumption.

These data suggest that alcohol consumption differentially affected lipid measures according to the amount of alcohol intake in hypertensive men.

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