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Wednesday, July 17, 2013

Role of cannabinoid CB2 receptor in the reinforcing actions of etha

This study examines the role of the cannabinoid CB2 receptor (CB2r) on the vulnerability to ethanol consumption.

The time-related and dose-response effects of ethanol on rectal temperature, handling-induced convulsions (HIC) and blood ethanol concentrations were evaluated in
CB2KO and wild-type (WT) mice. The reinforcing properties of ethanol were evaluated in conditioned place preference (CPP), preference and voluntary ethanol consumption and oral ethanol self-administration. Water-maintained behavior schedule was performed to evaluate the degree of motivation induced by a natural stimulus. Preference for non-alcohol tastants assay was performed to evaluate the differences in taste sensitivity. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and μ-opioid receptor gene expressions were also measured in the ventral tegmental area and nucleus accumbens (NAcc), respectively. 

CB2KO mice presented increased HIC score, ethanol-CPP, voluntary ethanol consumption and preference, acquisition of ethanol self-administration, and increased motivation to drink ethanol compared with WT mice.

No differences were found between genotypes in the water-maintained behavior schedule or preference for non-alcohol tastants. Naïve 
CB2KO mice presented increased μ-opioid receptor gene expression in NAcc. Acute ethanol administration (1–2 g/kg) increased TH and μ-opioid receptor gene expressions in CB2KO mice, whereas the lower dose of ethanol decreased TH gene expression in WT mice.

These results suggest that deletion of the CB2r gene increased preference for and vulnerability to ethanol consumption, at least in part, by increased ethanol-induced sensitivity of the TH and μ-opioid receptor gene expressions in mesolimbic neurons.

Future studies will determine the role of 
CB2r as a target for the treatment of problems related with alcohol consumption.

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