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Wednesday, May 2, 2012

Inhibition of the Casein-Kinase-1-Epsilon/Delta Prevents Relapse-Like Alcohol Drinking

During the past decade, it has been shown that circadian clock genes have more than a simple circadian time-keeping role. Clock genes also modulate motivational processes and have been implicated in the development of psychiatric disorders such as drug addiction. Recent studies indicate that casein-kinase 1ε/δ (CK1ε/δ)—one of the components of the circadian molecular clockwork—might be involved in the etiology of addictive behavior.

The present study was initiated to study the specific role of CK1
ε/δ in alcohol relapse-like drinking using the ‘Alcohol Deprivation Effect’ model. The effect of CK1ε/δ inhibition was tested on alcohol consumption in long-term alcohol-drinking rats upon re-exposure to alcohol after deprivation using a four-bottle free-choice paradigm with water, 5%, 10%, and 20% ethanol solutions, as well as on saccharin preference in alcohol-naive rats.

The inhibition of CK1
ε/δ with systemic PF-670462 (0, 10, and 30mg/kg) injections dose-dependently decreased, and at a higher dosage prevented the alcohol deprivation effect, as compared with vehicle-treated rats. The impact of the treatment was further characterized using nonlinear regression analyses on the daily profiles of drinking and locomotor activity.

We reveal that CK1
ε/δ inhibition blunted the high daytime alcohol intake typically observed upon alcohol re-exposure, and induced a phase shift of locomotor activity toward daytime. Only the highest dose of PF-670462 shifted the saccharin intake daily rhythm toward daytime during treatment, and decreased saccharin preference after treatment.

Our data suggest that CK1 inhibitors may be candidates for drug treatment development for alcoholism.

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