NAD (P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1) catalyzes the activation of some environmental procarcinogens present in tobacco smoke or the diet. We conducted a hospital-based case–control study to evaluate the potential association between NQO1 609C > T polymorphisms and colorectal cancer risk in a Chinese population.
The risk of colorectal cancer increased with the level of smoking and decreased with the consumption of tea, fresh fruits, and vegetables. In addition, we found that the NQO1 609 CT and TT genotypes were associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CT: adjusted OR = 2.02, 95% CI = 1.55–2.57; TT: adjusted OR = 2.51, 95% CI = 1.82–3.47), compared with the CC genotype. Moreover, NQO1 609C > T appeared to have a multiplicative joint effect with both tobacco smoking and alcoholic drinking (P for multiplicative interactions were 0.0001 and 0.013, respectively) on colorectal cancer risk.
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