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Thursday, December 13, 2007

The Efficacy of a Multicultural Prevention Intervention among Urban American Indian Youth in the Southwest U.S.
The Journal of Primary Prevention Online First 6 Dec 2007

This study explored how a non-targeted group of ethnic minority youth might or might not benefit from a prevention intervention focused on other cultural groups.

The study specifically evaluated the effects of an evidence-based drug prevention curriculum with a sample of urban American Indian youth in the southwest U.S., most of whom self-reported multi-ethnic heritages.

Using growth curve modeling, this research examined the developmental trajectory of drug use for these youth, and compared it with the trajectory of youth from other racial/ethnic groups at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and two follow up time periods.

Results indicate that alcohol and marijuana use increased from pre-intervention across subsequent time periods for all youth. The drug use of the American Indian youth in the treatment group increased on some measures. Specifically, they reported a steeper trajectory in the amount and frequency of alcohol and marijuana use compared to the youths in the treatment groups with other racial/ethnic identifications.

The implications of these findings for the development of culturally grounded prevention programs for multi-ethnic, urban American Indian youth are discussed.

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